Sunday, August 30, 2020

How to Reset the Windows Layout/Missing Properties Bar in Tekla Structural Designer

 Any User of Tekla Structural Designer or any other software is used to the default format that is present while you install the software, the same is in the case of WIndows Layout in Tekla Structural Designer

In this blog we will show you how to restore the arrangement of menu bars if for any reason it has been misplaced or any particular menu like the properties or scene content is missing as you can see in the image below that the arrangement of menus is hotchpotch. 



Let's look at the steps to restore the Windows Layout

  1. Under Home Go to “Settings


  1. Click on “Open Folder


  1. Click on the Version name (In this case it is Version 20.0/TSD 2020)



  1. Folder containing 2 nos. Xml files open (Dock Layout & QAT Commands)

  1. Close Tekla Structural Designer.This step is very important otherwise the process won’t work.

  2. Delete the two XML Files

  1. Open Tekla Structural Designer, you will find that all the menus have been restored.





Hope these steps worked for you, you can also check out our video on the same topic

https://youtu.be/hNUjPiaHpqk


To join our live classes on Tekla Structural Designer and other courses related to Civil Engineering, click here : https://forms.gle/Yy9j8BH8zZzmFfZMA

For any query 

Call on: 8433248864

WhatsApp: +91 6372905201

Email: team@civilcenter.in


If you have any requirement of Building Consultancy Services like Architectural Plan, Structural Drawings etc., register using the link given below

https://forms.gle/M4MTqgcLP6ZEp4rs7

Whatsapp: +91 6372905201

Email: enquiry@civilcenter.in

Visit our Website: http://www.civilcenter.in/


You Can Find Us On Other Social Media

Visit our Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/civilcenter/

Visit our LinkedIn Page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/civil-center

Follow our Twitter Handle: https://twitter.com/_CivilCenter

Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/civilcenter17/


Thursday, August 20, 2020

Advantages and Disadvantages of Concrete

 Every construction material has its own advantages and disadvantages. Let’s have a look at advantages and disadvantages of concrete. 

First we will talk about its advantages.  Concrete can be moulded into any shape according to the requirement. Material required for concrete production are easily available in the market. It requires less maintenance than steel or timber structures. It offers good fire resistance and also resists the action of water. It has a considerable compressive strength and good rigidity, hence lesser vibrations. It is economical and requires lower skilled labour as compared to steel or timber structures. 

Now let’s talk about its disadvantages. However it has a considerable compressive strength but has a low tensile strength. Unlike steel or timber structures, formwork is required for construction of concrete structures. It has a lower strength per unit weight as compared to steel. It undergoes volume changes w.r.t. time, for example, if drying shrinkage is restrained it may lead to cracks. It has variable properties, as the properties of concrete are dependent on proportioning, mixing, pacing and curing. The major disadvantage of concrete is that its major constituent is cement whose production accounts for 5-7% of carbon dioxide emission globally. 


To join our live classes, click here : https://forms.gle/Yy9j8BH8zZzmFfZMA

For any query 

Call on: 8433248864

WhatsApp: +91 6372905201

Email: team@civilcenter.in


If you have any requirement of Building Consultancy Services like Architectural Plan, Structural Drawings etc., register using the link given below

https://forms.gle/M4MTqgcLP6ZEp4rs7

Whatsapp: +91 6372905201

Email: enquiry@civilcenter.in

Visit our Website: http://www.civilcenter.in/


You Can Find Us On Other Social Media

Visit our Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/civilcenter/

Visit our LinkedIn Page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/civil-center

Follow our Twitter Handle: https://twitter.com/_CivilCenter

Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/civilcenter17/


Tuesday, August 18, 2020

Slump Test of Concrete

 The ease with which one can work with concrete is called workability. It is one of the physical parameters of concrete which affects the finesse, strength and durability. This can be tested by slump test.  The apparatus for conducting the slump test essentially consists of a metallic mould in the form of a frustum with a cone with bottom dia. 20 cm, top dia. 10 cm and 30 cm height with a  base plate. A steel rod with 16 mm dia. and 60 cm height is to be used for compacting. The internal surface of the mould should be thoroughly cleaned so that no moisture or any hardened concrete is not left in it. The mould is placed on a plain, smooth and a non-observant surface. Concrete is then placed in four layers with each layer approximately one-fourth of the height of the mould. Each layer should be tamped 25 times evenly using the round end of the tamping rod such that the strokes are uniformly distributed over the cross section. After the top layer is tamped it is well level with the help of shovel and the mould is removed. The concrete will subside now. This subsidence is known as slump. This experiment should be performed without any jerk or vibration. Within 2 minutes we should measure the difference between the height of the mould and the top height of the subsided concrete. The subsided measure is the slump of the concrete. There are different slump values for different constructions. Like for columns and retaining walls it should be 75 to 150 mm. For beams and slabs it should lie between 50 to 100 mm. For CC pavement this should be 20-30 mm. For the deck of bridges slump value is 30-75 mm. For vibrated concrete it should be 12-25 mm and for huge mass construction slump value must lie between 25-50 mm.  



To join our live classes, click here : https://forms.gle/Yy9j8BH8zZzmFfZMA

For any query 

Call on: 8433248864

WhatsApp: +91 6372905201

Email: team@civilcenter.in


If you have any requirement of Building Consultancy Services like Architectural Plan, Structural Drawings etc., register using the link given below

https://forms.gle/M4MTqgcLP6ZEp4rs7

Whatsapp: +91 6372905201

Email: enquiry@civilcenter.in

Visit our Website: http://www.civilcenter.in/


You Can Find Us On Other Social Media

Visit our Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/civilcenter/

Visit our LinkedIn Page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/civil-center

Follow our Twitter Handle: https://twitter.com/_CivilCenter

Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/civilcenter17/


Sunday, August 16, 2020

The Story Behind Civil Center

Civil Center as an institution came into light in 2015. Since then it has witnessed so many things. Today I am going to share its story with you. It was started as a training center but with time it evolved into a company. Now Civil Center is a product of Oddaka Infratech Pvt. Ltd., and is involved in consultancy, survey and construction works. However, it never left what it started i.e., training civil engineering students and professionals. It won’t be wrong if I say that you will find the largest variety of videos in civil engineering on the YouTube channel of Civil Center. This channel has videos of everything that the Civil Center does.

Civil Center has closely noticed how hard it is for civil engineering students to get practical knowledge in civil engineering. There are very few companies that hire a fresher in this field. That’s why Civil Center has decided to train all those who are willing to learn.

As you know, that journey to success has never been easy for anyone. Civil Center too has faced so many difficulties. But it is thankful to all the teachers and the closed ones, who have guided and supported it in need.

Civil Center believes that there is no gap in theoretical and practical knowledge. Both of these are connected. All you need to do is to see that connection. With hardwork and right direction you can excel in any field of civil engineering, be it survey, consultancy, construction, or anything that you can think of.

To hear the journey of Civil Center in words of its director, watch this video: https://youtu.be/T02ACWpFwEs


About us: Civil Center is a Civil Engineering Consultancy company which provides services ranging from Building Consultancy Services like Architectural Plan, Structural Drawing, Estimation, 3D Views of Interior and Exterior of a Building, Construction Planning and Management, and also other services like Survey Investigation Works.


We also provide industrial Training to Civil Engineering Students as well as professionals which include courses on Building Design, Detailing Estimation, 3D Modelling and Survey  by using Software like STAAD. Pro, Tekla Structural Designer, Revit Structures, Tekla Structures, MS Excel, E-Survey. In training our goal is to make our trainees ready for the industry by getting them trained in Live Projects. We also provide placement assistance to our trainees.


Visit our Website: http://www.civilcenter.in/


You Can Find Us On Other Social Media

Visit our Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/civilcenter/

Visit our LinkedIn Page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/civil-center

Follow our Twitter Handle: https://twitter.com/_CivilCenter

Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/civilcenter17/

Saturday, August 15, 2020

Design of One-Way Slab Part-2: Calculating the aspect ratio of effective spans

 Now that we understand all the modification factors. Let’s learn how to calculate the aspect ratio. If you have not read my previous blog on how to determine the effective depth of one way slab please go through that one. 

For Basic Values for span < 10m

Cantilever = 7

Simple Supported = 20

Continuous = 26

For Basic Value for span >10m

Cantilever = (7*10)/span length

Simple Supported = (20*10)/span length

Continuous = (26*10)/span length

CALCULATIONS 1

Our Slab rested on one simply supported and continuous at other side

So,

  Basic Value = (20+26)/2 = 23

  K1 = 1

  K2 = 1.4

  K3 = 1

  K4 = 1

   => l/d < 1*1.4*1*1*23

   => 3400/d < 32.2

   => d > 3400/32.3

   => d = 105.6


Step 3 : To Calculate Overall Depth 

Overall Depth > Eff. Depth + (Dia of bar/2) + Nominal Cover

CALCULATION 2

Assume 12mm Dia Bar

Nominal Cover = 30mm For Moderate Exposure

(Ref Table 16, Page 47, IS456)

Overall Depth > 105.6 + 12/2 + 30

      > 141.6

      = 150mm (multiple of 5mm)

Now,

    Effective Depth , d =150-12/2-30

=114mm


Step 4 : To Calculate Effective Span

From Clause 22.2(a), Page-34, IS456 2000 

Minimum of ..

a) Clear Span + Eff. Depth of slab

b) Centre to Centre of Supports

CALCULATION 3

a) Clear Span + Eff. Depth of slab

  =3400 + 114 = 3514mm

b) Centre to Centre of Supports

  =230/2 + 3400 + 300/2 = 3665mm

  For shorter effective span, we get = 3514 mm

   Longer Effective span =230/2 + 9000 + 230/2 = 9230 mm

  Now,

    Check Aspect Ratio = longer effective span/shorter effective span

      = 9230/3214

      = 2.626 > 2

So We can say , It's a one way slab .

To have a deeper understanding of this concept you can visit : https://youtu.be/Q5ROilapCls


About us: Civil Center is a Civil Engineering Consultancy company which provides services ranging from Building Consultancy Services like Architectural Plan, Structural Drawing, Estimation, 3D Views of Interior and Exterior of a Building, Construction Planning and Management, and also other services like Survey Investigation Works.


We also provide industrial Training to Civil Engineering Students as well as professionals which include courses on Building Design, Detailing Estimation, 3D Modelling and Survey  by using Software like STAAD. Pro, Tekla Structural Designer, Revit Structures, Tekla Structures, MS Excel, E-Survey. In training our goal is to make our trainees ready for the industry by getting them trained in Live Projects. We also provide placement assistance to our trainees.



Visit our Website: http://www.civilcenter.in/

You Can Find Us On Other Social Media

Visit our Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/civilcenter/

Visit our LinkedIn Page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/civil-center

Follow our Twitter Handle: https://twitter.com/_CivilCenter

Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/civilcenter17/


Saturday, August 8, 2020

Reduce Building Construction Cost in just simple 8 Tricks


Hello Friends!!

Today we came with an interesting topic where our clients and those who are going to start construction are more focused.

So the topic is "How to reduce building Construction Cost".

Here we will discuss about this and we will divide this topic into three parts

Basically the reason behind dividing this topic into three parts as it has three processes like in building construction we have three phases  i.e Planning phase, Construction phase, Utilisation phase.

In this Blog we will move towards the first phase. What exactly occurs in the Planning phase?

There are 8 tricks to reduce building Construction cost.

(I) Research

   You must have a clear idea about the building which you are going to construct in future. You are ready to Construct or Not? If you are not able to understand the type of building you can consult with the nearest Building Consultant.

Remember before going to the consultant you must do some research on Construction.

Why is Research required?

   Say, you are going to invest around 50-60 lakhs in your dream home and if required you will also take some loans for the dream home. You are investing your life time savings in building your home.

In day to day life, we bargain in the vegetable market  just to save 2-3 rupees here it's about 50-60 lakhs so it's compulsory for all to do research on it.

(II) Choose Best Consultant

      In this competitive world, How to Choose the best?

You don’t have to choose the best available for everyone, you have to choose who is best for you because whatever you are dreaming about your home your consultant should understand you and your budget and be able to represent in pen and paper with proper dimension and proper view as your imagination.

For this you have to  do some tests like take some rough sketches from 4-5 consultants from nearby consultants with a very minimum cost between 2k-3k. Some consultants take high charge, no need to consult with them. To avoid high charges you can leave top 5 Consultants of your city and take 4-5 rough sketches from average consultants.

If you are going to invest 50-60 lakhs then you can easily invest 4k -5k to check your perfect consultant because if you completed the construction  and it is not like your dream home and rest of your life you are going to spend there. So be careful to choose the best one.

(III)  Survey for your Building

     In the land in which you are going to start construction work you should compulsory go for survey work because here you can easily get the exact plot dimension.If you are not able to find a team for survey, do ask your consultant to do a survey. Survey activity also play an important role in reduce building cost, which can be explained with an example below

Eg. If it is written  the size of the plot  is 30/40, but the actual site dimension is not matching, it's 29/38, which can result in delay of the construction.

How does delay in construction increase building Construction Cost?

If you are living in a rented flat, before getting shifted to your own house, you have to pay for 1-2 months extra rent due to the delay in work completion. Also you may miss out on getting  benefits on income tax etc.

(iv) Spacious not Clumsy

   Spacious rooms reduce building construction cost rather than clumsy rooms.

Eg- If you divide your room in small small parts like you put a wall between the living room and Dining room the result is that you have to give a beam beneath the wall and also could result in increase in the number and sizes of columns, footings and the whole structure in general. Hence the building construction cost will get increased due to the increase in sizes of structural members. Hence go for lesser partitions in your building which will result in spacious rooms as well as lessen the construction cost.



(v) Detailing Work

    Many people think that plan is over. Why do we need detailing drawings for buildings?

What is the role of the term “detailing” to reduce building construction cost?, Let us see with the help of an example.

Eg- After completion of building you can call a carpenter and ask to do cupboards on plane walls, if you don't have the interior designs then it will definitely result in more cost in comparison to if  you would have made the designs beforehand. If you had the interior designs ready then you already know how the room is going to look beforehand and hence while building construction you could know where to put extra walls ( for cupboards)  to reduce material cost.


Likewise in the case of Building Core-House Construction, make sure you take Structural Drawing and Detailing, from your consultant. The structural drawings will contain the position, sizes and reinforcement details of all the structural members, like beam, column, footing (foundation), slab, staircase etc.

(vii)  Soil Test

       If your plot is small or less than 1500 sq ft soil test may not be required but if your plot size is more than that and you are going to construct G+1 or G+2 the cost will be nearly 40 lakhs on the conservative side, it is strongly recommended.

Why is the soil Test required?

 Nowadays everyone is preferring framed structure and here the main three structural components are column, beam and footing (Foundation). The design of foundation solely depends upon the properties of soil, there are some numerical values also like the value of Soil Bearing Capacity which is required for the design of foundation and type of foundation to be provided for the building (shallow foundations like isolated footing or deep foundation like Piles).

If the soil test report is available the Structural Consultant can design the foundation considering safety as well as economy, whereas if any soil test report is not available the consultant will be forced to go on the conservative design which may be uneconomical if the soil is good and unsafe if the soil properties are worse then assumed by the structural consultant.


(viii) Choose Economic Material

   If in your city the rate of fly ash bricks are less than red bricks then go for fly ash bricks. There is a common perception that red bricks have high compressive strength so they should be used, but logically in a framed structure (having beams and columns) the wall doesn’t take any load; they only act as partitions. In addition lighter partition materials also result in lesser loads on structural members which in turn can reduce their sizes and save the construction cost.




We also have AAC blocks in the market who have lighter weight.

How does it affect reducing Building Construction Cost?

AAC blocks are 50 percent lighter than fly ash or red bricks and If your wall weight is light it will reduce the size of beams and other structural members as discussed above.


It can be inferred from the above points that it's necessary to hire a consultant who is best for you and  discuss everything with them before going to start your home.

These are 8 tricks in the planning phase. We will also discuss reducing construction cost in the construction phase. Stay tuned

Thank you


You can watch our Youtube Video Related to this Topic: How to Reduce Our Building Construction Cost (Part-1)



About us: Civil Center is a Civil Engineering Consultancy company which provides services ranging from Building Consultancy Services like Architectural Plan, Structural Drawing, Estimation, 3D Views of Interior and Exterior of a Building, Construction Planning and Management, and also other services like Survey Investigation Works.


We also provide industrial Training to Civil Engineering Students as well as professionals which include courses on Building Design, Detailing Estimation, 3D Modelling and Survey  by using Software like STAAD. Pro, Tekla Structural Designer, Revit Structures, Tekla Structures, MS Excel, E-Survey. In training our goal is to make our trainees ready for the industry by getting them trained in Live Projects. We also provide placement assistance to our trainees.


Visit our Website: http://www.civilcenter.in/


You Can Find Us On Other Social Media

Visit our Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/civilcenter/

Visit our LinkedIn Page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/civil-center

Follow our Twitter Handle: https://twitter.com/_CivilCenter

Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/civilcenter17/