Every construction material has its own advantages and disadvantages. Let’s have a look at advantages and disadvantages of concrete.
First we will talk about its advantages. Concrete can be moulded into any shape according to the requirement. Material required for concrete production are easily available in the market. It requires less maintenance than steel or timber structures. It offers good fire resistance and also resists the action of water. It has a considerable compressive strength and good rigidity, hence lesser vibrations. It is economical and requires lower skilled labour as compared to steel or timber structures.
Now let’s talk about its disadvantages. However it has a considerable compressive strength but has a low tensile strength. Unlike steel or timber structures, formwork is required for construction of concrete structures. It has a lower strength per unit weight as compared to steel. It undergoes volume changes w.r.t. time, for example, if drying shrinkage is restrained it may lead to cracks. It has variable properties, as the properties of concrete are dependent on proportioning, mixing, pacing and curing. The major disadvantage of concrete is that its major constituent is cement whose production accounts for 5-7% of carbon dioxide emission globally.
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