Monday, June 21, 2021

Structural Drawing Preparation with the help of Tekla

 The last step in the process of structural design is structural drawing or structural plan. It consists of structural details and a general layout which is essential for proper site construction. The structural drawings are prepared by professional structural engineers and informed by architectural drawings. Structural drawings communicate about the building’s structural design. These drawings include all the necessary details to follow during the construction process. The structural designer should take care that proper structural standards are maintained and implemented because the drawings are the tasks of a structural draftsman. Every detail of the construction must be reflected in the structural plan.

 Structural drawings generally include the following details: 

      North point

      Concrete structural dimensions on the site

      Plans. Elevation showing layout and sections

      Levels and dimensions of all concrete members in the structure

  Notes on finishes, specifications and all cross-references that affect the construction

Location of all chases, holes, pockets, fixings and any other factors affecting concreting work

  Sectional information must specify the shape, length, and the number of each type of reinforcing bar. 

There are standard lists of structural drawings that are very much essential while preparing structural drawings. Each project has an extensive range of details to be incorporated, so there must be a checklist and guidelines to ensure all the details are accounted for. Those general details are as follows.

 

      Standard Notes

      Column bases

      Expansion/ construction joint details

      Concrete box culverts

 Reinforcement drawings: 

These drawings for the use of the steel fixers are kept separate from general arrangement drawing. Drawings give the location of all reinforcement about the holes, fixings and unfinished surface of the concrete.

 In reinforcement drawings, the holes of 150mm diameter and rectangular holes less than the area of 150mm x 150mm are not displayed. 

Record drawings:

 Invariably there will be some unforeseen difficulties that arise. Some modifications are made to the original drawings in the course of construction to mitigate them. 

Suppose there are any changes made in the reinforced concrete structure while construction, these changes are amended in the original drawing after completion. The amended drawings which are made on the computer are easy than doing them manually.

 The recorded drawings are recognised based on the revision letter (suffix) added to the drawing number. All the amended details must be described in written format along with the revision reference. 

 A register of drawings should be maintained, including all the details like reference numbers, titles and drawings’ receipt. 

For more details, watch this: 

How to Prepare Structural Drawing


Over 150 Videos on Structural Design Using Tekla Structural Designer




About us: Civil Center is a Civil Engineering Consultancy company which provides services ranging from Building Consultancy Services like Architectural Plan, Structural Drawing, Estimation, 3D Views of Interior and Exterior of a Building, Construction Planning and Management, and also other services like Survey Investigation Works.


We also provide industrial Training to Civil Engineering Students as well as professionals which include courses on Building Design, Detailing Estimation, 3D Modelling and Survey  by using Software like STAAD. Pro, Tekla Structural Designer, Revit Structures, Tekla Structures, MS Excel, E-Survey. In training our goal is to make our trainees ready for the industry by getting them trained in Live Projects. We also provide placement assistance to our trainees.

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